Global Warming - An Environmental Issue
By: Mit Patel

Image Source: Google images "global warming"

1) Quercus - Stop Global Warming Video - Date: Uploaded on YouTube September 19, 2008 - Original ad aired on date unkown

Summary: This is probably the saddest global warming ad you have ever seen. It might make you cry if not it will make you feel sorry for these animals. The ad is about a monkey, a polar bear and a kangaroo who commit suicide due to global warming. At the end of the commercial, the message is “If you give up, they give up” and that you should “Stop Global Warming”. The bias in the ad is through selection and omission. The video is exaggerated showing that the animals are isolated in their habitat and that there is no one around. The maker of this ad has selected scenes that would persuade viewers towards their opinion and has not shown the reality.

2) Use Synthetic Oil to Save Gas and Reduce Pollution - Date: Unkown

Summary: This article is about using synthetic oil to reduce pollution in the environment. It says that synthetic oil requires oil change in cars every 35 000 miles where petroleum oil requires oil change every 3 000 miles. The use of synthetic oil in motors would reduce pollution by more than eleven times. This can prevent billions of quartz of oil being dumped. It also increases engine life and has greater fuel economy. The bias in this article is through selection and omission because the writer has only written the benefits of the synthetic oil and has not given any details on the cons.

3) Oil Industry Ready to Work on Global Warming - Date: February 11, 2009

Summary: This article is about putting a price on carbon dioxide in the US. It talks about two ways to put the price either a tax based or a trading system like the one in Europe. Exxon Mobil has also suggested a solution which is cap-and-trade approach in which the government sets a limit on the amount of carbon dioxide emitted. The source used in the article says that this approach establishes a clear environmental goal because it sets a limit which carbon tax does not offer. The bias in the article is through source control and selection of information. It uses opinions from a very limited amount of people and provides very less detail about the topic.

4) Warming trend could prove boon to Canadian farming - Date: May 9, 2009

Summary: This article talks about how global warming is beneficial to the economy of countries like Canada and United States. The article says that the increase in temperature has lowered wheat and corn yield in most regions of the world. This in fact has increased crop prices by 20 percent. However, this has not affected the crop yield in Canada and the US. This is beneficial to the farmer there because they have larger crop yield and higher prices. The bias in this article is through statistics because it helps make the topic seem big and spectacular.

5) Annual cost of climate change 'will be £190bn' - Date: August 28, 2009

Summary: The article talks about annual cost of climate change which will be around £ 190 billion. This is 2-3 times the estimate UN has made. The money is needed because countries have to adapt to new climate changes and spending needed on things like building flood defenses, increase disease and replacing building affected by hot temperature. The bias in this is through source control and statistics. The writer only provides information from people who have done studies on these estimates and not from UN.

6) What Global Warming? - Date: December 6, 2009

Summary: This article shows opinions of people who think that global warming is not much of a big deal. The skeptics say that the earth is warming but not a lot that it should be called a ‘crisis’. The records are exaggerated and that satellite reading show smaller warming trend over the past 30 years. They also say that rising of sea level is not linked to increased CO2 level and polar ice is not disappearing. The responses to these skeptics were repetitive and that the earth is heating up no matter what people say. The bias in this article is through tone and source. The person who is responding to these skeptics is using tone that is against global warming.

7) Climate Justice and Equity - Date: December 30, 2009

Summary: This article is about the rich countries that have already emitted far more carbon dioxide than developing countries and therefore it is their duty to support them to adapt to avoid the polluting path to development. The article says that it is not fair that developing countries should be told to stop carbon emission in their path of development since developed countries have already done it. The bias in this article is through Title and the source. The title has words like ‘justice’ and ‘equity’ which influences the readers’ beliefs. The writer Anup Shah is an Indian which is a developing country so this also affects the information that is provided in the article.

8) Climate Change Is Not The (Only) Issue - Date: January 7, 2010

Summary: This piece of writing talks about global warming not being the only issue in the world. There are many other issues that must be taken into consideration than climate change. The issue on climate change is widely spread in media and that we should also take action against other issues. The writer gives list of possible issues such as poverty, warfare, education and many more. The bias in this article is through source because the person writing this may think that climate change is not the only issue.

9) When Climate Change Becomes a Health Issue, Are People More Likely to Listen? - Date: July 20, 2010

Summary: This article talks about how more people are likely to pay attention to global warming if it is related to health issues. According to the research by George Mason University’s Center for Climate Change Communication, people reacted positively to a public health-framed short essay on climate change. Also, people who were less sure if climate change is happening also reacted to the information. The bias in this article is through selection/omission and by headline. The information given is of people who reacted positively and does not give info on people who reacted negatively. The headline is also used to attract the reader towards the topic.

10) The immediacy of resource depletion and the murmur of global warming - Date: December 5, 2010

Summary: In this article, the writer talks about resource depletion and global warming. It says depletion in resources like oil, gas or water is likely to impact on world before the impact of global warming. Together, they are going to affect food production especially in countries with high population. The article also mentions that production of oil from the field may drop down to 50 percent by 2030 and it will result in high prices especially food. The bias in the article is through statistics and use of words. The use of numbers makes the topic seem big and the use of negative words has an effect on the readers’ opinion.

11) Global Warming Reduces Expected Yields of Harvests in Some Countries, Study Says - Date: May 5, 2011

Summary: This article talks about the effect of global warming on crop yield. It says that it reduces the crop yield in most countries and has also been beneficial to some countries. Overall, the gain vs. the loss shows that the climate changes so far is very small. However, in the coming decades the temperature will be accelerating and will have a huge impact on food production. The bias in this article is through statistics and headline. The headline attracts the reader towards the topic and the statistics used makes the topic seem big.

12) Republican’s Climate Solution: Clear-Cut the Rain Forest - Date: May 26, 2011

Summary: The article is about clear cutting rain forest to reduce carbon emission. This was said by Dana Rohrabacher, the representative of Republican of California. The reason he says this is because more than 80 percent of carbon emission is in the form of decaying plant matter. However, forestry experts say that the trees also capture one third of the carbon emitted by humans. The bias in this article is through the headline. Many people think that trees help reduce global warming but the headline says something else and will attract the reader towards the topic.

Step Four

1) Why the issue you have chosen is a world issue?
Global warming is an issue because it occurs all over the world and affects everybody. The word “global” makes it clear that it is a world issue. It is the warming of the planet earth caused by the greenhouse effect. It is related to natural disasters like hurricanes, flood, droughts, spread of disease and agricultural shift. The greenhouse effect is caused by human activities which emit carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. It is considered as an issue because it will have a huge impact on the world if not taken care of. The rise in the temperature is already affecting regions and their food production. The decrease in crop yield will result in economic problems and also increase world hunger which is also a world issue. The fact that most of the climate change is due to humans, it is our responsibility as the world to take care of it for our survival. If global warming is not considered an issue, people will continue to pollute the world and increase the emission of carbon dioxide thus resulting in hotter temperatures. It also causes economic problems because of the money the countries have to put behind natural disasters caused by global warming. Therefore, global warming is a world issue and should be taken into consideration.

2) How has the issue evolved over the time frame of your scrapbook?
The issue of global warming has evolved significantly over time. Global warming is now causing more and more severe weather conditions and also results in more natural disasters. For example, the recent tsunami in Japan caused chaos all over Japan and other parts of the world. In 2007, the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets and Arctic Ocean sea-ice were found to be shrinking at a faster rate than expected. The IPCC said that cost of reducing emission will be far less than the damage caused by the emission. In 2009, the discussion on global warming raged in social media according to the statistics (see link below). In that year, emails were stolen from climate scientist and the CO2 level where up to 385 ppm. The mean global temperature that year was 14.5 degree Celsius, the warmest in hundred years. In the following years the oil production may reach peak levels and since China and India continue on their path to development, the pollution will increase even though some countries may try to reduce emission. The issue of global warming will continue to evolve because there is no better alternative fuel to power our daily lives.

3) What sides are involved in the issue? What are their viewpoints?
There are two sides to this issue. One which says that global warming is happening and that it is affecting all of us and one that says that it is not a big deal and that we have other things to take care of. People who say global warming is happening think that if it is not taken into consideration then human kind will face a lot of problems such as poverty, health issues and many more. These types of people are one that care for their future and want to take precautions before anything can happen. They think that global warming poses a big threat to the environment and the humans and that the effects of global warming are harmful. These people want to take drastic action towards global warming before it gets out of control. The other side thinks that there are other issues that are more important and these people are more likely to be the ones that believe that global warming is just a natural phase that the world is going through. They think that it pose less or no threat at all to them and the environment. They also think that the effects of global warming are beneficial to countries like Canada in crop yields and that there is no need to worry about global warming.

4) Interconnected Web
Economical Connection
The issue of global warming is related to economics because the cost of taking care of it is tremendous. The money that is required to help build defenses against flood, hurricanes and natural fire are going to affect the economy because that money can be used somewhere else. In the past couple of years, the productions of crops like wheat and corn have decreased due to the increase in temperature. This has resulted in an increase in prices in the food industry. However, some countries have not been affected by the increase in temperatures and that these countries are benefiting from the high prices due to larger yield. This helps them in their economy and allows them to stay on the top. Other countries will be affected negatively and their economy will go down. The economy is also affected by global warming because to stop carbon emission we need money to run projects that take care of these things. Today, we see that many technologies are starting to become green and energy efficient and the investors have put money into these companies because they have recognized the opportunities. The melting of ice also relates to the economy because this allows cheaper shipping costs. Overall, global warming definitely has a connection to the world economy.

Political Connection
Global warming relates to political issue because in some countries like US, the democrats want to spend millions to prevent global warming where republicans say that it is just natural cycle. There is a political pressure put upon politicians by corporate lobbyists. There is also the aspect of carbon emission and putting a price on it either tax based or using a trading system. Countries make policy that restricts the amount of carbon that can be emitted per year. There is also a big argument on whether the developing countries should stop carbon emission in their path to development where rich countries have already done it. The rich countries say they should stop but that would be unfair to the developing countries. In some countries the right wings are fighting to take drastic action against global warming,while in others the right wings either argue the scientific agreement on global warming or oppose actions towards global warming.

Resource Connection
The issue of global warming is connected to resources because it affects them tremendously. The production of crops has reduced since past couple of years in most regions of the world and has affected the availability of food in those regions. This results in an increase in world hunger. These countries have to rely on countries that are able to produce crops in a significantly good amount. Another aspect is that using oil, gas or coal leads to global warming and this has resulted in an big debate on whether to use them or not. Several sources say that before global warming can have huge impact on the environment; we will run out of oil and therefore should not worry about it. Climate change will also have a significant impact on the sustainability of water supplies in the coming decades. The heating of mountain and people who rely on the runoff from the snow for drinking water will face shortages in water supply. The high temperatures also dry up many rivers and people who leave in those areas face water problems. This will also decrease the crop yield since they will remain dry. To sum up, if global warming is not taken care of humans will face many problems related to resources.

Step 5

The three questions are posted in "Global Warming" discussion section.

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