by Patricija P

Prostitution

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1) “Prostitutes are okay, but not pimps”- December 1, 2008
http://www2.macleans.ca/2008/12/01/prostitutes-are-okay-but-not-pimps/
This article talks about the prostitution in Britain. The new law enforced in Britain, has a right to charge men with a rape if they sleep with a trafficked prostitute. If they decide to go with a prostitute, they are charged $1,900 and receive a criminal record. The reason behind this is to lower the demand for prostitutes by eliminating the buyers. Some people disagree with this new law policy believing that it will force prostitutes to go underground and make it more dangerous.

2) “Brothels cut prices to beat the recession”- April 26, 2009
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/brothels-cut-prices-to-beat-the-recession-1674400.html
This article talks about how brothels in Germany are coping with a recession. Some brothels have cut prices, added free promotions, as well as discounts for seniors and bus drivers, and any other marketing techniques that will help their business run.
3) “Why Men Use Prostitutes” – January 15, 2010
http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/jan/15/why-men-use-prostitutes
In this article, 700 men were interviewed for a major international project to uncover why men go and buy sex. There was no stereotypical profile for these men. Age difference ranged from 18 to 70. And the reasons behind purchasing sex varied on individual. Some purchased a prostitute, because as a child they were neglected, and they had difficulty with forming a relationship with women. Some men turn to prostitutes because they could get it whenever from whoever. There was an interviewee that admitted that the reason for him to go to a prostitute is because she could do things to him that a wife or a girlfriend would not put up with.

4) “Campaigns to sweep away prostitution”- August 3,2010
http://opinion.globaltimes.cn/editorial/2010-08/558820.html
The article talks about campaigns by various groups to put an end to prostitution. An example of such a group is the Beijing government that started nation-wide anti-prostitution campaigns. The intention of such campaigns is to clean up businesses dealing with sex, gambling, drugs and corruption. Other methods used by such groups include “shame parades” and imprisonment of prostitutes.
5) “How to spot a prostitute”- November 11, 2010
http://www2.macleans.ca/2010/11/11/how-to-spot-a-prostitute/
Prostitutes in the Catalan city of Lleida have to wear yellow bright color vests, if they want to work on the street. In Spain in the most cities, prostitution is legalized, but pimping is not.

6) “Canada's sex (worker) problem”- March 21, 2011
http://www.eyeweekly.com/city/required%20reading/article/112904--canada-s-sex-worker-problem
In this article, Kate Carraway refers to Scott Feschuk’s “escort vs. hooker” article. She disagrees with his article, and his portrayal of women in sex work, and how he believes women in escort service are better than street prostitutes. She also, disagrees with the values and attitude towards prostitutes, and the rude, sexist, racist attitude towards them.
7) “What About American Girls Sold on the Streets?”- April 23, 2011
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/24/opinion/24kristof.html?ref=prostitution
This article, talks about prostitution on American streets, and its similarity to Cambodian position. Young teenage girls standing at the corner of American street might look like a typical teenage rebel, or a prostitute working independently. However, they are not, they are prostitutes controlled by a pimp. Nicholas Kristof, the journalist who wrote this article, also introduces a book written by a prostitute Rachel Llyod “Girls Like Us”. Rachel Llyod in her book talks about her experience as a sex slave, and her misplaced love for her pimp. In her opinion girls end up being sex slaves, and don't try to run away because they lack self-esteem, lack of alternatives and a confusion of what really love is.
8) “Fighting Sex Trafficking” – April 29, 2011
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/30/opinion/lweb30kristof.html?ref=prostitution
In this article, District Attorney Charles Hynes, talks about a hotline that was created for trafficking purposes. The purpose behind a hotline is to capture the pimps and not the prostitutes who are victims. This hotline number is being advertised in five different languages on the buses, beauty salons, stores, and radio stations. They also have few success stories, where they saved a girl from two pimps.
9) “She’s 10 And May Be Sold to a Brothel” – June 1, 2011
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/02/opinion/02kristof.html?_r=1&ref=prostitution
This article talks about a 10 year old Indian girl, who they refer to as M, in order to protect her identity. They talk about her situation, and how her environment influences her future success in life. Although, she is the top of her class in school, she might be sold in to a brothel, because her family is facing difficulties and they have nowhere else. Poverty is a big factor that influences, and helps prostitution develop.

10) “Is Prostitution Legal In Canada? “
http://www.torontocriminaldefence.com/articles/EEAFZllkEEfGCBJCfp.php
This article talks about what is considered crime in a relation to sex. Buying or communicating for the sex from someone under age of eighteen is a crime. Engaging in sexual act in a public place is also considered criminal activity. However, exchanging money for sex in a private is not considered crime. Prostitution itself is not banned fromCanada, but certain areas regarding prostitution are banned.

11) “Proposal Debated For Solving Prostitution With 'Chastity Houses'”
http://www.parstimes.com/women/chastity_houses.html
This article talks about how Iranians deal with prostitution. They set up “chasity houses” where a man could get to a woman for couple of hours, in order to have sex with her. This was set up so prostitutes don’t get in trouble with officials, because it is “by the law, if they get married for couple of hours.” Also, this arrangement does not only protect them from the authority harassment, but gives contraceptive pills as well. However, if a woman would end up being pregnant, the man would have to give his inheritance to his son/daughter conceived with a prostitute.

12) “Teenage Prostitution In Japan”
http://www.trincoll.edu/zines/tj/tj02.06.97/articles/inter.html
In this article, a Japanese girl talks about Japans degeneration of morals and ethics in regards to teenage prostitution. She also talks about her friends who are currently in a “part-time” prostitution business, which they consider to help them gain in-dependency and money to purchase brand clothing and brand make-up, that they parents won't finance.


Why the issue you have chosen is a world issue?
Issue that I have chosen is a world issue, because it deals with prostitution across the globe. Prostitution is most often related to human trafficking, and it is a problem that every continent deals with. The biggest problem within prostitution is that it is almost impossible to stop it. Different countries made different attempts dealing with this issue, but none yet fully succeeded. Another serious problem with in prostitution is child prostitution. Child prostitution usually occurs in third world countries, where parents unable to support their children sell them to local brothels. This is a horrific global problem, because these young children are being robbed of their childhood, and forced into a sex labor where they have unprotected sex, and their lifespan is shortened. One more issue within the prostitution is drugs. Many prostitutes choose this career, while others are forced into it (child prostitutes, trafficked prostitutes). Sex workers that choose this career usually turn to it in order to be able to provide for their drug addiction. In some cases sex workers choose this type of a work, to earn money and support their kids, or to pay off the school tuition, such as Canadian prostitute Valerie Scott. Problems that sex workers face are racism, sexism, harassment. In some parts of the globe, they are unable to go to police to report a rape or an abuse. They cannot be seen on the streets, they cannot advertise their services, or hire bodyguards. Whereas, in other parts they are allowed to roam the streets, and advertise, because it is their clients that pay the price if they are caught with a prostitute.

How has the issue evolved over the time frame of your scrapbook?
Over the time frame of the scrapbook assignment, prostitution in Canada is still being debatable. The laws surrounding Prostitution in Canada are struck down. The laws that we have on the prostitution state that currently 4 classes of prostitution-related activities are prohibited:

1) procuring or living on the avails of prostitution;
2) owning, operating, or occupying a bawdy house;
3) all forms of public communication for the purpose of prostitution; and
4) knowingly transporting another to a bawdy house

On a wide spread scale, prostitution is still happening, and many children in the lesser developed countries are suffering, and being infected with HIV/ AIDS.
What sides are involved in the issue? What are their viewpoints?
There are three sides to this issue. First side is, that prostitution should be banned, as in many Islamic countries, where men would not dare to even dream of being with a prostitute due to a harsh punishments enforced by their government. The problem with this view is that it only works in traditional Islamic countries, and it would be very difficult to introduce same laws in more democratic societies such as United States for purpose of fighting prostitution. Second side to this issue is that prostitution should be not allowed, and that all prostitutes have to be charged, arrested, and fined when seen at the duty. The problem with second side is that it will still continue happening, whether the government puts striker laws on it or not. If they do choose to punish them more harshly, then there would be more underground prostitution and more demand on the prostitutes. The third and final side is to give prostitutes rights, make it legalized, but punish the clients rather than the victims, prostitutes. With this strategy less and less men would look for prostitutes, in a fear of being caught and receiving a criminal record, or their families finding out. With this strategy of solving prostitution the demand of the sex workers would decrease.


How does the issue relate to other categories? Recognize 3 pieces of the interconnected webSocial
Prostitution deals with social issues, and at time human rights issues when it comes to human trafficking (which is related to prostitution). Also, the fact that children are forced into this nasty business and children dropping out of school in South Africa to join this business is a social issue. Not to mention, what psychological consequences this kind of work leaves on its employees. They are unable, to cope with their emotions, many prostitutes end up turning to drugs or alcohol in order to deal with this issue. Also, children and teenagers have should have no business in this type of work, and it is horrifying that there is a demand for children as young as 6!



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Economic
Prostitution is an economic issue, in a way that due to the failure of the economy and stability of the government, many women not having any other alternative turn to sex work, such as in many African countries. Another economic issue related to the prostitution is that governments spend enormous money, into their or lesser developed countries in an attempt to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS. Majority the time, they address the issue with a medical perspective, where they provide citizens with condoms, contraceptive pills, or HIV/ AIDS medicine, ignoring the fact, that the biggest spreader of the disease is prostitution. In order to stop prostitution, the countries such as India, or countries within Africa, need to provide their people with an education, jobs, to show women that there are other and better choices than prostitution.


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Political
Prostitution is a issue on a political scale in way that different forms of government have traditionally tried to curb prostitution for a variety of reasons, such as preserving morals, maintaining public order, containing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or to protect women from sexual exploitation. Prostitution is also on UN’s and EU’s agenda, where they constantly discuss what should be done to prevent it along with the prevention of human trafficking. Governments across the globe set up anti-trafficking ( prostitution) laws, and they have military or police units that control the flow of sex workers into the country.


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