RacismBy: Kendra Dubrick
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A textbook definition of racism is the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. It includes prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination and it occurring between every race. Whether you're Black, Caucasian, Asian, Indian, Mexican, or any other race, chances are in our society today you will experience some degree of racism. Racism is a powerful tool that encourages unnecessary hate and potential war. It's an extremely touchy subject, and as a society we need to understand that discrimination due to the colour of our skin is not only disgusting, but extremely disgraceful and needs to be changed.

The articles I chose to discuss include articles that not only highlight the past racial issues we've encountered as a society, but also articles that accentuate current racial issues many countries around the world are dealing with.

Article 1:
http://www.globalissues.org/article/165/racism
A link which expresses the overall aspects of racism, and proving the point that is doesn't necessarily just occur between blacks and whites like most think, but occurs in many different countries with many different races. It not only explores modern day racism in North America that we Canadians are subjected to, but also the racism that occurs overseas that we may never see. It also contrasts the former racial issues we experienced as a world, like the World War 2 Nazi's and concentration camps, which all revolved around the idea that Aryan was the superior race, and all others that do not fall into that category should disappear. This article not only expresses great examples like that one just mentioned, but also ties in the idea of globalization and how that has a huge factor in why people have the racial views they do.

Article 2:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=No5ai6LZLFg&feature=player_embedded#at=11
This video highlights the history of racism and how far we as a human race have come. Starting with the 1500's, this video shows how racism has always been an issue, and regardless of time period was a huge factor is how people lived their lives. This video also explores the scientific theories, like different races represented different species for example. Slavery is a constant theme in this video because of the common factor it plays in more then one century. Economic and Political comparisons are made when referencing European immigration. The main message of this video is although it was extremely hard to progress from extreme racists to accepting of everyone, but with time and circumstances it is most defiantly possible.

Article 3:
http://www.infoplease.com/spot/civilrightstimeline1.html
As many should know, the civil rights movements was one of the biggest and most influential movements in American history. This time line shows the most important events and dates that helped start the revolution, and ultimately changed the lives of millions of minorities. From the "I Have A Dream" speech in 1963, to the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., and President Johnson signing the Civil Rights Acts of 1968, this time line helps re-enforce the importance of the movement and the significance it still plays in modern day society.

Article 4:
http://www.sodahead.com/united-states/racism-still-blights-southern-us-juries-study-this-is-appalling/blog-344411/
This article shows how racism is still alive and well in the deep Southern United States. White jurors are more common, as the jury selectors find ridiculous reasons as to why black people shouldn't be on the jury. A quote from the article is as follows: "some of the arguments for excluding black prospective jurors included "stupid," "low intelligence," "lack of education," "she's chewing gum," "she wore eyeglasses and a large hat," "he's single," "he's married," "he's separated," "he looks like a dealer," "tentative and timid," "he seems odd to me," and "he lives in a high crime area."". Half of these arguments don't even make sense, while the other half are assumptions and are potentially not true. This also gives a disadvantage to any black criminals as they are being put up against racist white jurors.

Article 5:
http://archives.cbc.ca/society/education/topics/692/
Residential schools were also a huge disgrace to Canadian history and a horrifying part of our history. In 1928, the government proposed the idea of residential schools to"rid of the Indian problem" which is retrospect meant change Native heritage to reflect a more western lifestyle. It soon became mandatory for Aboriginal children to attend these schools, and alter their lives forever. They were given a new name, a new haircut, forced to speak pure English, and very possibly experience physical and sexual abuse from the "educators" This website also includes video footage of these schools, and personal stories of their encounters within the schools.

Article 6:
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/hitler.html
This article is an overview of one of the most famous acts of racism, and one that the world will never forget. Adolf Hitler and his Nazi's took racism to a whole new level of evil and turned it into a massive genocide of unbelievable proportions. Hitler began his rein as leader of Germany, and soon reflected his demeaning opinions of Jews, Gypsies, and any other minorities. World War 2 began,and for years Germany took on the world, and in the end lost their battle. Although they were at war for many years, the world never got a view at how horrific the treatment of these people were until after the war was finished. This was the most horrific display of racism, and approximately 11 million people were murdered for being a certain race.

Article 7:
http://www.europeword.com/blog/europe/racism-in-europe/
This article shows how racism still lives in Europe, just maybe not the same way it did in the 1940's. Football is a huge sport in all of Europe, and racism is becoming a huge issue and is causing many conflicts between not only players but loyal fans. The racism started in the 1970's when racial slurs began to be chanted in games and outcast the black football players, causing some to abandon the game entirely. More and more examples are becoming common in the news. A huge example was the 2006 attack of Barcelona Striker Samuel Eto's when fans began making monkey noises and verbal abuse, and without the support of his teammates he would've left the game, maybe even the sport, forever. This racism is not stopping anytime soon, and without these fans realizing it, there may just be a repeat in history.

Article 8:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1511723.stm
This article highlights the ongoing racial issues that South Africa is experiencing that many people may not know about. The racism goes both ways, but in this article it focuses on the white residents of South Africa and their views on the black community. This was a news story about a lady named Wanda who worked at a butcher shop that employed both blacks and whites, but some white residents were not impressed by her fellow peers. She was supposedly "bringing too many black customers in" and was attacked at her home and was experienced traumatizing bodily harm. This article highlights the non-whites doing everything they can to prevent the racism, but also points out that the racism is a double sided spectrum, and there are plenty of black racists as well.

Article 9:
http://www.globalissues.org/article/773/gaza
The Gaza strip has always been a place of conflict between the ongoing feud of Pakistani's and Israel's. This article goes into depth not only about the history of the Gaza strip, but also what the states are doing about this world issue. Another sub-topic within the article is the economical side of the Gaza. The United Nations Relief and Works agency provides basic food aid to approximately 750 000 people stuck living in the Gaza. There's also the conspiracy that the Jews, or Israel's, are being funded and helped by the American's, which ultimately fuels Pakistan's hate for Americans, and fuels the suicide bombers to attack the states most vulnerable and important monuments. The point being that racism is alive and well in the Middle East, and as a whole world we are paying for it.

Article 10:
http://matadornetwork.com/bnt/white-skin-why-racism-in-asia-isnt-quite-what-you-think
The racism in Asia may not be what you think, and this article helps you to understand why. With the majority of ethnicity being some form of Asian, you automatically assume that the racism that occurs would be against the minority, whether they are white or black. That may also be occurring, but the main racism that is occurring is between people of the same race. Asia has adapted to our western way of life, and are now set in their minds that the whiter, the better. "From Thailand, to Japan, to China, dark skinned people are looked down upon. Everybody strives to be white - every skin product has whitening in it and everyone strives to sty out of the sun" The importance of white is mostly economical, as Asian countries perceive darker skin as a sign of low income. The racism not only spurs from media and western world, but also religious beliefs and will be extremely hard to alter.

Article 11:
http://kkk.bz/
http://www.kkk.com/
The KKK, or the Klu Klux Klan, is an extreme racist group that strives for white supremacy. History of the KKK goes as far back as 1865, and has grown into the group it is today. It is mainly located in the deep, openly racist Southern states and the followers are extremely faithful and strongly believe they are doing the right thing. The first link I shared is the "knights party", or the official Klu Klux Klan website that offers articles about tradition, news, and activism. It also highlights that they are a "love not hate group" and promote christian foundations and feel immigration and other races put those beliefs in jeopardy. "There is a race war against whites. But our people - my white brothers and sisters - will stay committed to a non-violent resolution."

Article 12:
http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/sr237/bennett.htm
Finally, I would like to highlight an opinion paper on the future of racism. The opening automatically struck as important because the first line in the whole article is "Those people who understand the past can shape their future". The article goes into detail about Economic and Political viewpoints of racism and how they shape the future of racism. For example, the future is more likely to see more generalized fights against racism as anti-racism groups and protests are alive and commonly happening. Overall, the article tries to provide alternatives and different viewpoints so the reader understands why racism happens and how we as a society can eliminate it.

WHY IS RACISM A WORLD ISSUE
Racism is a world issue because it not only effects one part of the world, one minority, or one government, it applies and effects every single person in the world. It is ocurring in North America, South America, Africa, Africa, Asia, and every other country, large or small. It causes very straining social issues, which prevents important policies and integration to happen because of the separation of vital people due to their race. For example, if Israel's and Pakistani's could put aside racial differences, they could come together and create a livable, sustainable home as well as economic goldmine as Pakistan is a huge exporter of oil and Israel's are a huge exporter of fruits and vegetables. Together they could become an economic power duo, but instead are held back by racial hate. It also holds back important transitions the world needs to make, like globalization, Without racial comfort, people can not be expected to integrate and work as one. Racism is also extremely hurtful. If you had someone calling you hurtful racial slurs because you were born a certain way, it may hurt you in an emotional way, or fuel the need to potentially get even and begin to hate the race that is inflicting these wounds upon you. Instead of reaching your potential and working together to reach goals on a small or laerge spectrum, you're instead fighting for revenge and out of spite. Without racism, we as a community would benefit as a whole and be able to progress forward and develop more as a human race.

HOW HAS THE ISSUE EVOLVED
The issue of racism has made significant progress throughout my time frame of chosen articles.
  • Racism dates back to a recorded time of 1500's, but it has easily been around for a much longer time period. Racism was alive and well between European Whites and any other minority race, from Mexicans to blacks to Asians. For many years after that racism never became any better, as blacks were becoming slaves and other minorities were heavily discriminated on.
  • Residential schools in Canada were one of the most disgraceful, yet discrete form of racism. Canadian's claimed they were merely "westernizing" these native children, but instead were depriving them of their heritage, eliminating contact with their families, and abusing them on different scales. These schools continued to operate until all schools were finally closed down in 1996.
  • Racism took a new turn for the worst as Adolf Hitler became in power in the 1930's, to becoming a racial powerhouse, and eliminating minorities in Germany with the "final solution". It was one of the worst displays of hate, racism, and genocide the world has ever seen.
  • Canadian's were not innocent at this time either. With the attack of Pearl Harbour by the Japanese, they were ostracized and sent to Japanese camps where some were separated from their families and lived in in-humane living conditions. Some were even put on a boat, not necessarily with their families, and forced to go back to the war torn Japan. The saddest part of this display of racism is they were all Canadian citizens and were paying for the sins of people of their same race.
  • After Hitler's defeat, other human rights movements began to take place, the one us Canadian's are most familiar with would be the civil rights movement that took place in the United States. This helped the black minority realize that they too deserved to be treated with the same respect and have the same opportunities then someone with white skin. This movement continued for over 10 years, and after many murders, many rallys, and much success, the Civil Rights Act of 1968 was signed, and the black community was one step closer to freedom.
  • As we enter the 21st century, racism is still a huge issue and we unfortunately haven't changed our past actions. Racism is still alive and well in many countries, just on a smaller scale. All countries are experiencing some sort of racism, whether it's someone screaming a racial slur and you and your family, or someone bombing your house because of your colour. In any shape, form, or size, it's wrong and is very upsetting that we as a society could not learn from our past mistakes.

WHAT SIDES ARE INVOLVED
Instead of attempting to express all the world conflicts between races, instead I'd like to choose one huge racial dispute and highlight both sides of their arguments
The two sides of a racial dispute usually consist of a dominant race/sex/class vs. a minority race/sex/class. An example of this is the dominant Nazi's vs. the minority Jewish, or the dominant white in southern United States vs. the minority blacks. An example I chose to expand on was the World War Two fiasco of Hitler and the Jewish people.

Hitler and the Nazi's : Attempting to make a comeback from the devastating loss of population and international debt, Hitler ran for power and won and began his movement. He blamed Jew's for the loss of the war, and with his charisma began to have the German population to believe what he was saying had rationality. Many Jews payed for his beliefs with their lives, and it made the outlook on Jewish people very altered. They were seen down upon by not only in Germany but in many different countries, This display of racism took the lives of many, and for what reason? Germany surrendered once again, experienced even more international debt, and loss a very large population. The fact that racism fueled one of the biggest wars in modern history is disgusting and is very unfortunate.
Jewish and/or Other Minorities : Jewish people were ambushed with this hate and had no fair chance of escaping. Jewish residents of Germany fought in the war just as much as an Aryan resident did, and the fact that Hitler and the government was saying it was their fault they loss the war would've been extremely hard to grasp. They were constantly put down and hated on because of their heritage and religion, not because of any particular actions. They unfortunately were the minority that Hitler chose as a scape goat for issues that took place in the 30's, and paid for something that was not their faults
--> This happens in many other racial activities, usually having a minority that is used to blame for problems they could not have possibly caused.

ISSUE CONNECTED TO THE WORLD ISSUES INTERCONNECTED WEB
SOCIAL: Racism may be individual, institutional, cultural, religion racism and so on, and is most certainly a social issue, because it effects the person whom is getting discriminated against. It affects the minority group emotionally to start because they are constantly dealing with criticism from other races, and may result in the lowering of one's self esteem and instead of pursuing things in their lives are hostile and hasty and don't take opportunities that are given. Another social aspects would be the physical damage religion has. Hate groups may result to violence or even death of the minority group, and socially is extremely unacceptable if you are killing at all, but especially someone innocent out of pure hate.

ECONOMICAL: Racism is alive and well in the economic world. When hiring for a part time job, or a full time executive position, people are sometimes prejudice to decide whom to hire. For instance, if you saw a name like "Mike Myers" and one like "Allah Dhula", you will be more likely to interview, or hire, the name which sounds more white because of the comfort and familiarity hiring someone of the same ethnicity rather then someone there may be some barriers with. There are also economic barriers between new immigrants to both Canada and the United States. For instance, if you are a doctor in Pakistan and immigrate to Canada, you wouldn't be credited and have the same credentials as you would in Pakistan. You may have to go through school once again, and as a new immigrant money is tough, and instead of paying and attending school and re-learning what you already know, you are stuck getting a menial job to put food on the table for your family. This affects the economy because instead of having a wealthy paid doctor from Pakistan, and having him put money back into the economy, he is instead working for minimum wage and barely getting by. This is an unfortunate display of racism and holds back our economy.

POLITICAL: political views can be twisted and your vote can sway due to race. There is something called practicing political racism. Here are some examples if you were to look at the election that took place between Barack Obama and John McCain.
  • If you are white and you will not vote for Obama because he is black, you are practicing political racism.
    --> The same would hold true if you will vote for him for the same reason;
  • If you are white and you plan vote for McCain because he is white, you are practicing political racism.
    --> The same would apply if you would vote against him for the same reason;
  • If you are black and you will not vote for McCain because he is white, you are practicing political racism.
    --> The opposite would hold true as well;
  • If you are black and you plan to vote for Obama because he is black, you are practicing political racism.
    --> Of course the opposite holds true here too
Its just another reason why race is such an influential aspect to politics. If instead we as a society look at a candidates credentials instead of their race, maybe the votes would have been swayed. The fact that Barack was the first black candidate for President is all of America's history, most people responded positively to the change and because he was black they did vote for him. Again, people from the deep south that participate in Klu Klux Klan practices, or are just racist in general, did not vote for Barack merely because he was black. Instead of looking at their political views and where they fit on the political spectrum, you are instead voting due to their skin colour and in turn may be electing a president that may not share your beliefs but have the right skin colour.

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FOR YOU BOLZON:
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