Resource Depletion

Aidan Herzog-McArthur
An economic, social, enivronmental, political, and resource issue

We are currently consuming our precious resoucres at an unprecidented rate. Our oil reservse may run out in 49 years, our water is being irreversibly polluted, our arable land is being slowly destroyed, and our very air that we use to breathe is being polluted caused many illnesses and contributing to global warming.

Wetland Loss and Degredation unknown date
http://www.mass.gov/czm/walossd.htm

This article like the other one is about land degredartion, but the focus is on wetlands in particular which are the earth's kidneys. The article goes on to talk about the human's impact on the wetlands in the United States which has had many repercussions including increased flood damages, increased drought damages, and decling bird populations. It also talks about the impact that humans have had on the hydrology of the former wetland area. The bias in this article is the perspective used because there are no positive benefits of converting wetlands mentioned, and the actions taken to help to protect wetlands are downplayed.

Air Pollution: Comes From Many Sources unknown date
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/pollution-overview/

This article is about how air pollution is formed, what it consists of, and how nations are attempting to reduce it. It talks about the obvious causes of air pollution from cars, cows and what not, but the article talks about volcanoes effect on our air saying the sulfur dioxide is contributing to smog. The bias in this article is the use of over-the-top pictures to make the readers feel like pollution is all around them.

Uses of Coal unknown date
http://www.worldcoal.org/coal/uses-of-coal/

This article is about the potential uses for coal and importance of coal in general. According to the article coal is important for economic growth, household incomes, and improved quality of life. The uses of coal include power generation, and metallurgy. That year 6.809 billion tonnes of coal was used last year world wide. The bias in this article is lack of information because the article only highlights the positive attributes of coal rather than revealing the level of pollution that is released.

FRESH WATER DEPLETION – A CRISIS: CAUSES & REMEDIES 1999
http://discovery.bits-pilani.ac.in/~bvbabu/FrshwaterE&P98.pdf

In this article the world's freshwater crisis is addressed, but the water crisis in India is the center of this article. The article includes what is happening to India's water (improper water mangement, irrigation, pollution, etc.) and the potential solutions to their problems including improved technology to reduce waste, containment of pollution sources etc. The bias is the perspective because the authors only look at it from a local point of view, but it should be looked at from a federal perspective because some of the suggested plans seem expensive to be praticed.

Land Degredation June 16 2000
http://earthwatch.unep.ch/emergingissues/desertification/landdegradation.php

This article is about the world's loss of arable land. The atricle talks about how the world has lost almost 2 billion hectares of arable land, and the speed at which this is occuring is much faster than it historically ever has. The article goes on to explain the reasons behind the loss of arable land including soil erosion and human actvities. There is also a correlation found between the loss of arable land and poverty in this article. The bias in this article is choice of words and statistics because rather than saying 1.9 billion hectares the author says 1900 million to make it seem like more land is degrading.

Effects of Air Pollution on Agricultural Crops June 2003
http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/01-015.htm

This article talks about the damages that air pollution does to crops in Ontario. The article talks about the effects of air pollution (reduced growth, kills plants) and the specific damages that certain gases do to the crops. The bias in thos article is that there is no potential solutions listed giving the reader the sense of hopelessness.

Water Crisis 2005
http://www.worldwatercouncil.org/index.php?id=25

This article pertains more to a global scale compared to the other article. The article covers the lack of water for drinking and sanitation, the effects of the water crisis including argricultural, environmental, and polital problems that arise. The article talks about how we can improve water resources through conservation, and following through on the Millenium Development Goal. The bias is in article is the use of statistics becuase there is a list of statistics along the side of the page to highlight the danger we are in.

Depleted fish stocks require recovery efforts March 7 2005
http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2005/100095/index.html

The atricle talks about how most of the world's fisheries are being fully over exploited, depleted. or recovering from depletion which is in total is about 76% of the world's fisheries. The atricle then goes on to explaining different possible solution of restocking the fisheries, but goes on to once again talk about how action must be taken quickly or the damage will be irreparable. The bias in this article is the use of statistics which may seem very high, but 24% of fisheries are still used without much risk of endangering the fisheries, and 24% is a lot.

Depletion of Forest Resources October 19 2006
http://ezinearticles.com/?Depletion-of-Forest-Resources&id=326726

This article is about deforestation, and the many effects it has. The article covers the topic of the causes of the issue, the extent of damage the issue has caused, the potential future if we continue to deforestation at the rate we are currently at, and the possible solutions to solve the problems that deforestation has created. This article is written by a Zak Miller he has no credentials, but he is a platinum author. Despite this lack of professional education he has written a few articles pertaining to the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict. The bias is the use of stastics to really push promotion for protecting forests.

American Oil Depletion in Canada November 9th, 2006
http://www.peak-oil-news.info/american-oil-depletion-canada/

This article is about how Canada's trading of oil to the United States, and the tensions that are caused by it. The bias is through statistics, the title, and the perspective it was written from becuase it shows Canada as the victim whereas America is the villian. The article reveals the statisitcs of Canada's trade including 25% of crude oil and 80% of natural gas that America uses comes from Canada. It is also revealed that Canada may not be able to continue this trade for much longer which will complicate the relationships between these two countries.

Overfishing - A global disaster 2007
http://overfishing.org/pages/why_is_overfishing_a_problem.php

In this article the problems highlighted in the other article are also highlighted here, but the removal of ecosystems is also brought up. Due to the middle of a food chain being wiped out, other animals such as sharks, marine mammals, sea birds—all of which are commercially viable—are wiped out which will deal a financial blow to those respective industries, and completely revitalizing the ecosystem will be extremely difficult and time consuming. The bias in this article is the use of statistics to make it seems much worse.

A Former BP Exec Explains Why Peak Oil is Real October 2010
http://www.businessinsider.com/jeremy-gilbert-peak-oil-2011-5#now-for-some-harsh-realities-1

This presentation shows us what the dangers of peak oil is and the potential preventative measures that can be taken to slow down peak oil. In this presentation due to the risk of peak oil we have experienced many technological advancements. The bias in this presentation is the title because mentioning that the creator is a former BP executive will gain more attention than if it was not mentioned.

Synopsis

The reason I chose resource depletion as a world issue is because it affects everyone on earth, and has managed to effect everyone on all levels be it farmers or CEOs. Resource depletion is almost an inevitable fate for most of the world which means that the must act quickly and efficiently in order to delay it or avoid it completely. Over the timeframe of this scrapbook there has been, from my perspective, a much greater focus on our depletion of our resources. Although it was important before the timespan of this scrapbook it seems like we are like a student who has procrastinated their assignment until the night before because now we are really noticing the effects of our overconsumption of our resources. It seems like alternatives to oil are becoming much more commonplace since even the 1980s with the introduction of hybrid vehicles only being introduced as a publicly available vehicle in 1995. Even in the media there is a lot more focus on the effects of resource depletion such as Avatar and An Inconvenient Truth. The sides of this arguement include governments, corporations, and the general populations. The governments attempt to stop this issue, but due to sometimes financial or political dilemmas these issues cannot be cared for as much they would hope, and this some of the responsibilities to the corporations, and the general public. The corporations for the most part, not always, are looking to maximize revenues at the cost of the environment and people. Take the tar sands for example, as corporations need ed to find more sources of oil they began to turn to the Alberta tar sands. Now many areas where refineries are, are now nearly uninhabitable from all the oil in the general area. Then there is the general public, they want to live in a world that has a more assuring future of reources, but the exorbantly rich like America are not willing to give up their share for the betterment of the world. This issue is connected to enivronmental issues because the removal of these resources has endangered the enivronment that they were extracted from. The depleted fisheries for example have caused major damages to their bioshpere because without any fish to eat the smaller fish or plankton their numbers have reached dangerously high levels causing many of them to die off due to lack of food. The animals that used to eat the fish are now dying for the same reason, so the fishing of a small part of the food chain has caued it to almost completely collapse. Deforestation has caused much irreparable damage to the enivronment because the wildlife no longer has any habitat suitable for its needs and the trees that once provided oxygen to the world have been destroyed. Resource Depletion is also connected to the economic caetgory because with the an increase demand for these resources the price of them will increase, and when resources need to be rationed the prices will skyrocket even further. With increased prices, countries may not be able to import as much resources which will further impact the populations there. This is also a political issue because tensions are mounting between nations that have the resources that other nations want. This could potentially lead to war as the demand for reosurces increase, the diplomatic relations between countries will be strained becuase of the increased control of resource trade.