Rights of Indigenous Peoples

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1.Australia: Sexual Abuse
June 16, 2007
Due to lack of education and substance abuse in Northern Australia, there has been a noticeably high rate of sexual abuse against aboriginal children. There is a disturbing amount of youth prostitution and a hike in the sex trade industry. This crime against children has the potential to severely comrpomise this and future generations of Australia's indigenous communities. This article has minimal bias.

2. Colombia: Affects of the War on Drugs
February 26, 2009
The FARC rebel group of Colombia murdered 27 tribal leaders, displacing 400 aboriginal peoples. The war has left landmines surrounding the remote region in which the tribe lives, and the mountainous terrain has made their removal increasingly difficult. If the mountains do not marginalize the people, the landmines do by preventing their access outside of their community. Flooding in the area has killed and displaced the people of this landlocked community. The war has lead the indigenous groups to turn their backs on the Armed Forces of Colombia, leaving them mistrustful of the people meant to protect them. With the increase of cocaine demands, there have been rising abduction and murder rates. This article only presents the negative affects of the drug war.

"The ambitions of the government, drug traffickers, and armed forces for control of this land—the planet’s most biodiverse—have resulted in the eradication of the people, not of the drug."

3. Global Warming
22 November, 2009
This article is sharing information from a report that has proven that our attempts to stop global warming are having negative affects on indigenous peoples. Biofuels, or a green source of energy are predominately grown on the land of ancient tribal burial grounds, compromising their livelihoods and culture, and raising suicide rates. Within one year, the loss of land caused 80 children to die of starvation in the Amazon. The construction of dams for hydro-electric power are pushing indigenous groups off of their lands and harming their food sources. With forest conservation, tribal groups are also being forced off their land and prevented access to clean water. Through carbon offsetting, there is value in forests through carbon credits that can lead to evictions. Evidently indigenous people who have minimally contributed to global warming are paying the price as the rest of the world tries to make amends. The article has integrated a report to provide further insight into the issue. While attempts to stop global warming affect indigenous people, global warming itself also has an impact. Drought affects people in the Amazon, the melting of the arctic has caused deprivation of food sources, and precarious housing and unsafe access to villages for indigenous peoples in the north. This article is only providing information on how global warming and attempts to stop it are marginalizing aboriginal populations. While preventing global warming can benefit these people, this article proves that the way in which it is being done is compromising them just the same.

4. Amazon: Dam Construction and Aboriginals
May 19, 2010
Written over a year ago, this article proves that there has been ongoing controversy over the construction of two dams in the Amazon, one of which being Belo Monte. Indigenous groups will be threatened by foreign diseases that will be introduced by workers, will threaten their land and food sources, and ultimately drives them into lands already used by illegal mining companies. This article is written by The Movement Of Tribal Peoples and thus the content is noticeably biased. Only the native groups’ view is shown and unnecessary preconceptions are made such as “,un-contacted groups could be decimated or even wiped out. While the statements made are potentially truthful, colorful language such as “devastate” and “destroy” is used to dramatize the plight of the indigenous people.

5. Uganda: Violence Against Native Women
August 24, 2010
This article describes the marginalization of the Batwa people, especially the women. Originated from the Equatorial Forests in the Great Lake Regions of Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi and DR Congo, the Batwa indigenous group suffers due to poor government representation. A recent study has shown that 57% of the woman in Uganada had been sexually abused, 46% had experienced marital rape, and 100% had undergone some form of violence. This abuse is due to the poverty that is consequent of land eviction, displacement, poverty, lack of human rights laws, and lack of government representation. Additionally, there is no documentation of the Batwa people other than in Uganda, making human rights abuses much more possible. 61% of the women feel as though violence is more prominent against Batwa women than other women, and the majority feel it is caused by poverty. The Batwa people have made progress in gaining acceptance into communities. Boys have twice the probability of receiving an education and to start it off total enrollment of both sexes is only at 39% in DR Congo. This article is written by a woman's rights group. It does not compare the rate of violence of the Batwa women with that of non-aboriginal Ugandan women. Since DR Congo has an extremely high rate of violence against women to begin with, the severity of that against Batwa women may not be different than the national rates.

6. Brazil: Corporate and Political Consequences
April 30, 2011
This article depicts how the Brazilian government has responded to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH) vote to suspend the construction of a dam in the Amazon, Belo Monte. Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff has countered by suspending an annual donation of USD 800 000 and removing Brazil’s participation from America’s Highest Human Rights Court. The project was held back in February for being approved by Ibama while ceasing to meet 29 environmental regulations. The Brazilian government argues that the construction of Belo Monte will create jobs and provide crucial electricity to 23 million homes. Rousseff argues that an agreement has been made with local indigenous groups. However the article states that the dam could make up to 50 000 people homeless and threaten their survival. MercoPress is a news agency in Uruguay. Uruguay will not receive the implications of the dam, and in that way is not biased. The article also shows both sides of the argument, while it may provide more information in support of CIDH and uses facts to depict Rousseff as unjust.

7.Bangladesh: Affects of Population Growth
May 12, 2011
With a largely increasing population, Bangladesh must meet demands for energy from residences and industry. A coal mine set to be built in Bangladesh will create jobs, provide electricity, and introduce royalties and tax income. However in a country where 50% of the people do not receive adequate nutrition, this project will compromise food sources. Thousands of indigenous families will be paid out and forced to relocate along with
40 000 non-indigenous families. This settlement results in impoverishment. Since the communities will be dispersed, they will be unable to maintain culture, language, and religious practices. The aboriginal people make a livelihood off of their land, and without the land, they will not have the skills or resources for an income. Once constructed, the coal mine will utilize large quantities of water and pollutants may contaminate remaining local water sources. Greenhouse gas emissions and other toxins will harm the atmosphere and the soil, preventing future agriculture on the lands. The coal will be one of the worst in terms of environmental standards, as it consists of many different pits in the ground. This article was written by Cultural Survival, an organization with the intentions of raising awareness for indigenous rights. While the source carries bias, the article does provide both the pros and cons of the coal mine construction.

8. Canada: Failing Education
May 13, 2011
This article provides information regarding the education of aboriginal students in contrary to non-aboriginal students in British Colombia, Canada. As of 2011, the success rate of native students is still considerably lower than non-native students without showing improvement over the past five years. The graduation rate of aboriginal students in approximately 50%. This is a result of the underdevelopment that leaves the next generation of aboriginal Canadians at a disadvantage in comparison to our non-aboriginal students. This article is entitled "Aboriginal marks on the rise," and the initial line reads "A recent report by the Fraser Institute critical of aboriginal education in B.C. doesn't reflect what's happening in Delta." At first glance, the article is saying that education for aboriginal students is doing well. However the remainder of the article is about the poor results from the educational system in place for aboriginal students. While there is little bias in the article, the first few lines of it are misleading to any readers who do not continue.

9. Italy: Roma Eviction and Health
May 15, 2011
The government of Italy is forcing the evictions of over 200 000 Roma people from the country. Many of the Romas are refugees from earlier wars in eastern Europe, and are therefore at a socioeconomic disadvantage to begin with. Due to pure health care provisions, the lifespan of the Roma people in Italy is just 40 years old. These people, already in poor health generally speaking are being put at stake further with evictions during the winter. Election campaigns promising their expulsion are favored and authorities are becoming increasingly harsh on this population. While this article is written by a human rights organization, is is undeniable that the deportation will have negative affects on the Roma people. There is bias in that it does not provide the viewpoint of those in support of the evictions.

10. China: Ethnic Cleansing in Tibet
June 1, 2011
This article explains the situation of intentional deportation of Tibetan shepherds and farmers from their homeland to socialist villages by the Chinese government. Forces from Beijing have also been arresting Monks and massacring those who protest. The Tibetan population has minimal government representation. It is undergoing a "re-educational" program enforced by the Chinese government to dilute their culture and replace it with the socialist views of the nation. This article is written by "The Tibet Post," giving it immediate bias due to the source.

11. Sudan: Affects of Conflict
June 9, 2011
The Sudanese region of Abyei is currently being disputed by Northern Sudan and Southern Sudan following a decision by referendum for the north and south to separate. The Abyei leaders have spoken out against the recent seizure of the oil producing region by the Northern Sudanese government. While the government of South Sudan is a former rebel group, it claims war crimes and continuous human rights violations against civilians during the war and now in Abyei. Many of the people of this region have been made homeless and have insufficient food sources as 100 000 citizens of the region have been displaced from military action. The are is home to many refugees from other areas. This article reflects on the lack of power that indigenous groups have and their subsequent suffering in the face of war. Written by Sudan Tribune, this article is of obvious bias and only supports one viewpoint.

12. Canada: Clean Water Access
June 21, 2011
This article draws attention to the water supplies of First Nations people in Canada. It states that 85 aboriginal water systems are at high risk and 100 must boil their water before using it. While the boiling measure is meant to be temporary, it is often long term. The risk of unsanitary water is much greater in northern Canada. While the government responded instantly to the contamination crisis in Walkerton, Ontario in 2000, yet there is little to no action in providing and maintain First Nations communities with adequate water. One of the major contributing factors is that unlike provinces, reserves do not have legislation governing water sources. Another is that the federal government backed out from a water development project of $5.1 billion dollars in 2008. Up until recently, the Canadian government refused to sign the UN Declaration on the Rights of Aboriginal Peoples, and voted against the UN to declare clean water as a human right. Such poor conditions have negative health affects and compromise the livelihoods of aboriginals. This article is written to prove the poor water conditions for indigenous communities due to the fault mainly of the Canadian government. Without showing the reasoning behind the federal perspective, there is bias in the article. However it is a purely factual article proving that it is undeniable that aboriginal people in Canada do not have access to clean water and that the government has avoided the issue.

Rights of Indigenous People: A World Issue
Aboriginal rights and development is a global issue because it affects a large portion of the global population. There are communities of First Nations people in every country on every continent, and therefore truly spreads across the globe. The plight of aboriginal people is one hidden to those unless it is searched. Through research for this assignment, it has become evident that the prominence of their struggle and suppression by governments and corporations is much greater than non-aboriginal people would assume. The actions of everybody affect native populations through our votes, our energy consumption, our attempts to fix the world's problems, and our general acceptance and awareness of the problems they face. If the public understood the severity of many circumstances faced by aboriginal people and the affects of the world's actions on them, much of the issue could be solved. For the vast majority of indigenous groups, they are compromised in all five pillars of the interconnected web. The issues that the global population feels has a heightened severity among native populations. Often they are not the ones who cause our world's issues, but they are the ones who suffer the affects the most.

The Evolution of Indigenous Rights: 2007-2011
Over the time period of five years, there has been little difference in the issues facing aboriginal populations. In Australia in 2007, sexual abuse against children and women was extremely high. In the media today there is news of Australia's prejudice against aboriginal immigrants. By 2010, the violence against women was still shocking in Uganda. Evidently the world has not taken measures to diminish precarious situations for women and children in marginalized communities. Knowing that in 2009 Colombia's tribal groups were at stake due to the War on Drugs, and that the war has intensified, it can be assumed that the situation has seen little to no improvement for the communities. Throughout this time period, many wars have ceased yet many more have begun. Looking at the Sudanese area of Abyei, it is evident that when aboriginal communities are in the line of fire, there is often little action by the global community to protect them. Transcontinental efforts to meet the Kyoto Protocol and to defeat global warming have continued, and so has global warming. Aboriginal communities are still compromised by both. Since 2010,the situation in the Amazon has not yet been resolved, however it appears as though the native communities will loose their land. Clearly time has done nothing. As our populations continue to grow and demand more energy, greater food sources and push us further to the edges for resources, we are forgetting our boundaries when it comes to the rights of indigenous communities. Over the time period, and especially recently, Canada has seen slight improvement in their education and has begun to support global movements for indigenous rights. However, many of the amendments have yet to be met. Governments and populations still feel as though many aboriginal groups are inferior, and make attempts to expel either their entire society or their cultures. In conclusion, the world has made minimal efforts to improve the circumstances of First Nations People. In many cases, unless every other world issue is solved, their lives will see little change.

Aboriginal Vs. Non-Aboriginal
The view of the aboriginal people is that their way of life is being severely hindered by the modern world. Governments do nothing in their defense, and often treat their well-being secondary to that of the non-aboriginal people. Corporate power and growing industry pushes them off their land, compromising their food sources and ability to remain indigenous. The aboriginal people were the first ones on the land, and therefore other people have no right to take it away from them, yet they continue to do so. They have altered their way of life to fit in with the modernizing world, yet they are continuously kept at the bottom of the ladder and are disadvantaged economically and socially. For example, their previous lifestyle did not incorporate money, however they have accommodated their structure for survival. However with our financial system, they can not keep their way of life and be economically well off. Their underdeveloped society makes it have less power in governments, less education to change their situation, and fewer rights.
Sometimes the rights of the majority must come before the rights of the minority. If the prominent part of society requires more energy to improve, it must be for the greater good. The way of life for the world is changing, and there is no reason why the native community can not give a little for the global population. Since the world needs to fix global warming, a few native people in the way shouldn't put the world at stake. Aboriginal people in the developed world can not keep up because they are unmotivated in our society an unwilling to contribute. They do not know how to govern themselves or how to deal with money. The native people are a burden to taxpayers because they are unwilling to change. They get unnecessary breaks from the government, yet they still complain. They dance funny and wear feathers.

Interconnected Web

The lives of aboriginal people are made extremely more difficult than those of non-aboriginal people. Their economic situation hinders them socially, and forces them to forfeit many social rights. Since non-aboriginal people began their initial search for new worlds, and began to cultivate industry, their rights and lifestyles have faltered. They have been pushed off their lands time and time again, making it difficult for them to ever build a society in one place. As they move, their food and water sources are taken away. Many times, if they are relocated they will have to change their livelihoods and how they obtain food. The transitional period is often one of little food and the feeling of betrayal. In their attempts to blend with society, they have had minimal success in education. Governments do not provide adequate sanitation or health care for their communities. Abuse against women and children is prominent, and is a result of the oppression they face. When native people leave their communities for the modernized world, they are severely disadvantaged. Language, cultural, educational, and general segregation can prevent native people from obtaining employment in the public. Substance abuse and suicide rates are greater in these areas and again, it is always the most severe in areas with little social support that are being severely oppressed. The non-native culture is very unwelcoming to the native culture and is often hostile toward it. When this racism occurs, it is not difficult for the majority to remove the minority or to force it into very insufficient circumstances. By our intrusive lifestyle, they are being deprived of their religion, culture, and society.

As the urban world requires more and more to serve industry and the growing economy, we push the limits more and more to attain the materials required. Corporations can no longer go outside the doorstep for resource extraction. To serve our economy, we must push native people off their lands. As an increasing amount of energy is required, regions that would have gone untouched are now being destroyed. With new alternatives to energy the aboriginal communities are being forced to adapt to what the non-aboriginal communities need to take from them. When two governments or corporate powers fight over a region of value, the native community is often the only stakeholder without a voice. When urban populations require a resource,even a necessity, they have easy access to it, while indigenous groups are rarely provided with it. If a population is running low on a certain resource, aboriginal people are the first to lose it, or be removed. Governments and non-aboriginal populations do not feel the need to provide resources for aboriginal communities if they do not contribute to society, generally speaking. When non-native industry calls, it's indigenous people who must answer.

Quite often,even in the developed world as seen in Canada, governments do not ensure the rights of aboriginal minorities. When politics intermingles with corporate needs, indigenous groups are at stake. Populations tend to require the deprivation of native groups for their own economies and way of life, and governments serves the their needs. Political systems are set up to tend to the majority, and not minority. This is why indigenous groups often lose their rights. Native communities are too economically disadvantaged to fight for their rights quite often and require help from an outside source. When two nations are in conflict, indigenous people are put at stake. They have little means of defense and are easy civilian targets. Since governments control the media,it pays little attention to their struggles so that when human rights abuses do occur, politicians are usually not held responsible. The people who can fight for aboriginal rights are in most not aboriginal and have little knowledge of the issues they face. When government bodies or global leaders make collective decisions, aboriginal people are usually not on the agenda. When a leader must fight for the betterment of his/her own country, they are not going to go as far as to fight for a small portion of the population. If a government sees an indigenous group as a burden, with media control they can have minimal problems in cleansing the population. The Roma population in France is a clear example. In all, politicians are not held accountable for upholding the rights of indigenous communities. Who's fault is that?

My questions are posted on "Globalization of the Drug Trade."

Thank you for all the donuts this year:) Your class is excellent!